X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory: X41-2019-002

Advisory X41-2019-002: Heap-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird

Severity Rating: High

Confirmed Affected Versions: All versions affected

Confirmed Patched Versions: Thunderbird ESR 60.7.XXX

Vendor: Thunderbird

Vendor URL: https://www.thunderbird.net/

Vendor Reference: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1553820

Vector: Incoming mail with calendar attachment

Credit: X41 D-SEC GmbH, Luis Merino

Status: Public

CVE: CVE-2019-11703

CWE: 122

CVSS Score: 7.8

CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O

Advisory-URL: https://www.x41-dsec.de/lab/advisories/x41-2019-002-thunderbird

Summary and Impact

A heap-based buffer overflow has been identified in the Thunderbird email client. The issue is present in the libical implementation, which was forked from upstream libical version 0.47.

The issue can be triggered remotely, when an attacker sends an specially crafted calendar attachment and does not require user interaction. It might be used by a remote attacker to crash or gain remote code execution in the client system.

This issue was initially reported by Brandon Perry here: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1281041 and fixed in libical upstream, but was never fixed in Thunderbird.

X41 did not perform a full test or audit on the software.

Product Description

Thunderbird is a free and open source email, newsfeed, chat, and calendaring client, that's easy to set up and customize.

Analysis

A heap-based buffer overflow in icalparser.c parser_get_next_char() can be triggered while parsing a calendar attachment containing a malformed or specially crafted string.

The issue initially manifests with out of bounds read, but we don't discard it could later lead to out of bounds write.

It is expected that an attacker can exploit this vulnerability to achieve remote code execution.

Proof of Concept

A reproducer ical file can be found in https://github.com/x41sec/advisories/tree/master/X41-2019-002

Workarounds

A fix is available from upstream. Alternatively, libical can be replaced by icaljs, a JavaScript implementation of ical parsing, by setting calendar.icaljs = true in Thunderbird configuration.

Timeline

2016-06-20 Issue reported by Brandon Perry to the vendor

2019-05-23 Issues reported to the vendor

2019-05-23 Vendor reply

2019-06-12 CVE IDs assigned

2019-06-13 Patched Version released

2019-06-13 Advisory released

About X41 D-SEC GmbH

X41 is an expert provider for application security services. Having extensive industry experience and expertise in the area of information security, a strong core security team of world class security experts enables X41 to perform premium security services.

Fields of expertise in the area of application security are security centered code reviews, binary reverse engineering and vulnerability discovery. Custom research and a IT security consulting and support services are core competencies of X41.

Author: Luis Merino
Date: June 13, 2019